Gandhigiri redefined

From the Quora question – What were the biggest mistakes of Mahatma Gandhi?

Top voted answer that takes a very different view point from the popular notions, by Tejasvita Apte (The other answers are interesting as well):

This is my opinion. This may be a bit harsh. But before you downvote, please give it a thought.

I have been a critic of Gandhi but even I admit that there are many wonderful things about his personality. Since this question is not about that, I will refrain from speaking about it.

Following are the reasons why I am his critic.

1) Gandhi’s core ideal was Ahimsa (Non Violence). I agree with the ideology. But he took it to extreme. So much so that according to Gandhi, Self Defence too was a form of Himsa (Violence). Now this philosophy is stupid. Let me quote him –

“Hitler killed five million Jews. It is the greatest crime of our time. But the Jews should have offered themselves to the butcher’s knife. They should have thrown themselves into the sea from cliffs. I believe in hara-kiri. I do not believe in its militaristic connotations, but it is a heroic method. That would have been heroism. It would have aroused the world and the people of Germany to the evils of Hitler’s violence, especially in 1938, before the war. As it is they succumbed anyway in their millions.”

You see, what he thought? Apparently, by committing suicide, the Jews would have died a heroic death. So, Jews should have neither fought back nor tried to escape, because then there wouldn’t be any difference between them and Hitler.

In my opinion, he completely misunderstood Ahimsa. Non violence should be preached to the Aggressor and not the victim. A victim has a complete and moral right to self defence.

Now let me quote George Orwell whose thoughts speak volumes about Gandhi –

“Gandhi has been regarded for twenty years by the Government of India as one of its right hand men. I know what I’m talking about-I used to be an officer in the Indian police. It was always admitted in the most cynical way that Gandhi made it easier for the British to rule India, because his influ­ence was always against taking any action that would make any difference.
The reason why Gandhi in prison is always treated with such lenience and small concessions sometimes made when he has prolonged one of his fasts to a dangerous extent, is that the British officials are in terror that he may die and be replaced by someone who believes less in “soul force ” and more in bombs.”[1]

It is very important to understand this. George Orwell had served once and therefore was in a position to judge Gandhi. If your enemy likes you, you are seriously going wrong.

2) Gandhi’s non-violence was selective.

In 1930, two platoons of Hindu troops refused to fire on Muslim rioters, instead breaking ranks and fraternizing with them.

Rather than supporting this non-violence, Gandhi said “A soldier who disobeys an order to fire breaks that oath which he has taken and renders himself guilty of criminal disobedience. I cannot ask officials and soldiers to disobey; for when I am in power I shall in all likelihood make use of the same officials and those same soldiers. If I taught them to disobey I should be afraid that they might do the same when I am in power.” – Reply to French journalist Charles Petrasch on the question of the Gahrwali Soldiers, Le Monde, 20 February 1932.

3) Now let us look at his views on technology and modernization He is far from what is claimed. He is a mere reactionary.

“It is not the British people who are ruling India, but it is modern civilization  through its railways, telegraphs, telephone, and almost every other invention has been claimed to be a triumph of civilization … Medical science is the concentrated essence of black magic … Hospitals are the instruments that the Devil has been using for his own purpose, in order to keep his hold on his kingdom … If there were no hospitals for venereal diseases or even for consumptives, we would have less consumption, and less sexual vice amongst us. India’s salvation consists in unlearning what she has learnt during the past fifty years or so. The railways, telegraphs, hospitals, lawyers, doctors and such like all have to go.” [2)

4) There is another reason why I criticize his actions. He spent too much time fighting over different paths to achieving freedom. Why he never embraced revolutionaries like Bhagat Singh and Bose is beyond me. End of the day, they too were fighting for the same cause. He may not have agreed with their means, but he should have lauded them for their goals as they gave their lives for it.

This further lead to a great divide among intellectuals even after independence.

Having said this, in conclusion, I feel that he lead people into believing extremely wrong and delusional notions like passivity and inaction which he camouflaged as Non violence.

In my opinion, his extreme Non Violence was more Violent than Violence.

[1] The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, Vol 2, p. 136

[2] M.K. Gandhi, Hind Swaraj (1909)

Quora: Why do ATMs return cards so slowly?

So, it’s not to annoy you, but to annoy the fraudsters

Answer by Rahul Keerthi:

It’s intentional: not slow, but jittery. The jitter is to reduce the probability of simple ATM skimming.

Firstly, it’s useful to understand how simple ATM skimming works.

  1. Skimmers are after two things: the data on your card’s magnetic stripe (magstripe – it’s like cassette tape fastened to the back of your card) and your personal identification number (PIN)
  2. They use gadgets that can be attached to or placed over the ATM card reader slot that will read and copy the magstripe data as the card is ejected from the machine
  3. They may also use hidden cameras or other ploys (shoulder surfing, for example) to see your PIN as you enter it
  4. They can then replicate your card and using your PIN, withdraw money from your account

[Image credit: Baltimore Sun]

Mind you, this is simple ATM skimming. More advanced techniques exist, some that aren’t yet figured out even.

What jitter does is foil the process of reading the magstripe data. ATM skimming devices typically prefer ejection to insertion as the card is machine-rolled out (as opposed to hand-fed in) and so, smoothly, evenly passed through the slot.

Jitter provides a simple physical solution to this potential problem: it introduces jitter into the ejection of the card from the reader.

This stop-start motion distorts any data read from the magnetic stripe on the card, making the copied information unusable.

Unfortunately this technology isn’t fool-proof, but it is a first deterrent that almost every major ATM vendor (i.e. NCR Corp., Diebold, Fujitsu and Wincor Nixdorf AG) employs – hence the ubiquitous “slow” returning of ATM cards that we all experience.